Crohn`s is a inflammatory disorder, Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the GI tract (usually the terminal ileum), extending through all layers of the intestinal wall. It may also involve regional lymph nodes and the mesentery.
Causes of Crohn`s Disease:
The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown. Possible causes include allergies,vimmune disorders, lymphatic obstruction, infection,vand genetic factors. Crohn’s disease is mostvprevalent in adults ages 20 to 40, but a second peakvincidence occurs between ages 55 and 65.
Irritable bowel syndrome ( IBS)
IBS is referred to as spastic colon or spastic colitis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is marked by chronic symptoms of abdominal pain, alternating constipation and diarrhea, excess flatulence, a sense of incomplete evacuation, and abdominal distention. IBS is a common, stress-related disorder. About 20% of patients never seek medical attention for this benign condition that has no anatomic abnormality or inflammatory component. It’s twice as common in women as in men.
What causes of Irritable bowel syndrome:
IBS is usually associated with psychological stress but may also result from physical factors, such as:
• Ingestion of irritants (coffee, raw fruits or vegetables)
• Lactose intolerance
• Abuse of laxatives
• Hormonal changes (menstruation).
Signs & Symptoms:
These signs and symptoms alternate with constipation or normal bowel function:
• Lower abdominal pain (usually relieved by defecation or passage of gas)
• Diarrhea (typically occurring during the day)
• Small stools that contain visible mucus
• Possible dyspepsia
• Abdominal distention.